The capitalist system characterising a good portion of economies around the globe is based on profitability and the accumulation of capital and thus requires constant growth in technology, science and the production system in order to promote expansion of demand and consumption until virtually unlimited production of goods and services is attained. The impact of this development and consumption model has given rise to an “environmental crisis”, a “development crisis” and an “energy crisis”, all part and parcel of the same phenomenon and problem. New environmental policy models must therefore be developed that place the well-being of people and the planet at the heart of their objectives. From this perspective, this paper analyses four environmental policies: energy, fisheries, biodiversity and rural and agricultural development. It also suggests perspectives and approaches to help build a policy coherence for development index which the Plataforma 2015 y más is currently developing. The paper concludes with a few brief thoughts on the need to devise tools to promote change in economic and productive systems that not only have become environmentally unsustainable but also incompatible with equitable human development able to safeguard human rights for all of the planet’s inhabitants.